Running Out of Time - Introducing Behaviorology to Help Solve Global Problems by Stephen F. Ledoux, Ph.D.

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BehaveTech Publishing releases the book,Running Out of Time—Introducing Behaviorology to Help Solve Global Problems, by Stephen Ledoux, in early February2014.


The cover of this600–page,24–chapter book points out that “Behaviorology is the natural science of WHY human behavior happens, a natural science to help build a sustainable society in a timely manner.”The book is written for anyone concerned about environmental issues and human survival.


Carl Sagan, in his courageous book,The Demon–Haunted World,referred to science “as a candle in the dark.” This book starts turning that candle into a floodlight, to better illuminate solutions to global problems, by introducing Behaviorology. The book describes what natural scientists of behavior have discovered about human nature over the first100years of experimental investigations and applications. They are particularly interested in sharing their discoveries, because the success of the efforts of the other natural scientists, in physics, chemistry, and biology, to solve major problems in a timely manner, hinges on a broader science–team effort that takes these discoveries into account. This especially applies to overpopulation and global warming, to prevent humanity from having to experience their worst effects. And we are running out of time!


After the book's first chapter provides an historical overview,theremaining23chapters address the principles, methods, concepts, and practices of behaviorology, along with some scientific answers to some long–standing human questions (e.g., questions about values, rights, ethics, morals, language, consciousness, personhood, life, death, and reality) while continually pointing to interconnections with solutions to global problems. The book also contains an extensive glossary, bibliography, and index.


As with all BehaveTech titles, copies of this book can be purchased through local bookstores or ordered from the main distributor,Direct Book Service, Inc., at800–776–2665. As usual, they will answer the phone with “Dogwise,” because their most popular speciality involves books about our canine friends; several of these books already specifically apply the laws of behavior thatRunning Out of Time…systematically introduces.


The author, Dr. Stephen Ledoux (pronounced “la–dew”) began his professional activities in the early 1970s after earning his B.A. and M.A. degrees, in 1972 and 1973 respectively, at California State University, Sacramento. At various times he has taught courses in behaviorology, education, English, and psychology, all (except English) at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, with behaviorology taught at the high school level as well. After several years of university teaching, he returned to full–time study, and earned his Ph.D. from Western Michigan University, in 1982, in The Experimental Analysis of Behavior. (He says that, in part, the Ph.D. seemed necessary, because his California M.A. degree was signed by “Ronald Reagan” and “James Bond”…)

Prof. Ledoux has held positions both at home and abroad. For four years, 1975–1979, he taught in Australia, starting at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, and then at the Gippsland Institute of Advanced Education near Melbourne. He also taught in China, both in 1979 (at Xi’an Jiaotong University where he was their first foreign English teacher) and in 1990–1991 (at Xi’an Foreign Languages University) as part of a faculty exchange. He has been teaching since 1982 at the Canton campus of the State University of New York.

Over the last several decades, Dr. Ledoux has prepared numerous publications and presentations, and been involved in many other ways in professional work. With colleague Dr. Carl Cheney, of Utah State University, Logan, he worked extensively in the early 1980s with the concept and function of the Aircrib (a.k.a. the “baby tender”) an invention of the late Prof. B. F. Skinner. For several decades he has been very involved with the movement formally establishing the independent discipline of behaviorology, including a three–year term (1988–1991) as the first elected president of The International Behaviorology Association. In 1997 he published two books, Origins and Components of Behaviorology (which went into its second edition in 2002) and, with his spouse, Dr. Nelly Case (a professor of the Crane School of Music at SUNY–Potsdam) as the primary author, a book about the year they taught in China, with their then five–year–old son, entitled The Panda and Monkey King Christmas—A Family’s Year in China.

In 1998 Prof. Ledoux was elected Chair of the Board of Directors of The International Behaviorology Institute (TIBI) which is a non–profit educational corporation that he helped establish to support behaviorologists by providing training in behaviorology. In 2001 he declined to continue as Chair so that he would have the time to fulfill appointments as the Editor both of the TIBI journal Behaviorology Today, which he edited for ten years, and of the TIBI web site (www.behaviorology.org) which he still edits. After also completing a half dozen study–question books for various textbooks, in 2005 he accepted the task of editing Lawrence Fraley’s 1,600–page, three–course text, General Behaviorology: The Natural Science of Human Behavior, which was completed and published in late 2008. This was the first extensive and systematic text of the independent behaviorology discipline, and an inspiration for the present book. Dr. Ledoux also edited two other books by Prof. Fraley, Dignified Dying—A Behaviorological Thanatology (2012) and Behaviorological Rehabilitation and the Criminal Justice System (2013) before undertaking the present book. (You can find full references for these books in the Bibliography.)

In 2012 Prof. Ledoux updated Fred Skinner’s 1963 article, Behaviorism at Fifty, by publishing his article, Behaviorism at 100, in American Scientist. Two months later Behaviorology Today published the peer–reviewed version of this article using the title, Behaviorism at 100 Unabridged. The present book, Running Out of Time—Introducing Behaviorology to Help Solve Global Problems, was the next step.

Beyond teaching and writing, Dr. Ledoux’s professional interests include verbal behavior (especially as applied to language teaching), pedagogical effectiveness, and the experimental analysis of simultaneously evoked and simultaneously selected human operants. His hobbies involve star gazing, meteorites, and arts from China, Japan, and Southwest Native Americans. He lives in Canton, NY, with his family.


"The best way we know to understand dogs and train them is to understand the natural science of behavior behind our training. This science, which I and others apply in our animal training books, is known as behaviorology, and it is valuable to all of us far beyond how it helps us train animals. Behaviorology offers the tools we all need to explain and control behavior, not just that of companion animals but also of clients and even our own behavior; and it does not end there.

The Running Out of Time… book prompts us to consider the bigger problems in human culture such as the depletion of non–renewable resources, conflicts among nations, and overpopulation. All of the world’s most pressing problems involve behavior, and behaviorology is a vital part of finding solutions. Behaviorology helps us succeed in endeavors from training a dog to sit on cue to getting humans to recycle and live sustainably. By familiarizing ourselves more generally with this science, we are not only better able to engage in effective and efficient animal training projects, but we are also in a position to help create a better world both for us and for our animal friends. The Running Out of Time… book helps us on both counts.

The cover of this hardcover,600–page, 24–chapter book points out that “Behaviorology is the natural science of WHY human behavior happens, a natural science to help build a sustainable society in a timely manner.” The book is written for anyone concerned about environmental issues and human survival.

After the first chapter provides an historical overview, the remaining 23 chapters address the principles, methods, concepts, and practices of behaviorology, along with some scientific answers to some of humanity's long–standing questions (e.g., questions about values, rights, ethics, morals, language, consciousness, personhood, life, death, and reality) while continually pointing to interconnections with solutions to global problems. The book also contains an extensive glossary, bibliography, and index.

The author is a 35–year Professor of Behaviorology. He received his Ph.D. from Western Michigan University in 1982. He also consults with universities and colleges to build quality behaviorology departments and programs.

Copies of this book can be purchased through Dogwise, at 800–776–2665, because many animal training books already specifically apply the laws of behavior that Running Out of Time… systematically introduces."

- James O’Heare, DLBC, AABP-CABC, CDBC

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James O'Heare 1998 - 2017